Researchers have studied loneliness as a modern health epidemic leading to myriad negative health effects, yet the literature lacks evidence of loneliness? antecedents and consequences in the context of the workplace. Utilizing samples from state corrections supervisors (Sample 1) and the general working population (Sample 2), we found that loneliness at least partially explains the relationship between incivility and individual mental health (emotional exhaustion, depression, and anxiety) and organizationally relevant (increased turnover intentions, decreased job satisfaction, increased health-related absenteeism, and lower job performance) outcomes, and that workgroup civility norms appear to moderate the relationship between incivility and outcomes. Results of this study point to the importance of future research on workplace loneliness interventions.
As the workforce ages, interest has grown regarding the prevalence and possible impact of age discrimination at work. This study presents an analysis of data from a national survey in the United States in which worker-reported age discrimination was measured over a 16-year period. Findings indicated that the prevalence of workplace age discrimination remained fairly stable during this period, and that the experience of age discrimination was a significant predictor of several quality of work life measures.
A primary objective of the present study is to demonstrate the feasibility of a protocol for detailed and continuous assessment of physiological signals among nurses using a wearable physiological sensor system along with event-contingent experience sampling of critical incidents. Twelve registered nurses (N=12) in a university hospital emergency department wore noninvasive wearable sensors continuously for seven consecutive days and logged the occurrence of workplace violence incidents. The ability to objectively quantify stress responses over the course of the workday could serve as a valuable tool in planning Total Worker Health? interventions.
The workplace mistreatment literature commonly finds evidence of an array of negative individual and organizational outcomes due to mistreatment incidents (Schilpzand et al., 2016). However, the literature fails to prominently address the occasions in which certain forms of workplace mistreatment may be paradoxically beneficial to the target employee or organization. This poster presents a qualitative review of the workplace mistreatment literature, focused on summarizing findings from empirical studies that either indicate the processes through which workplace mistreatment leads to paradoxically positive outcomes or the circumstances under which they occur. This review highlights this gap in the literature by directly examining which individual, organizational, and other environmental factors qualify the relationships between workplace mistreatment and desirable outcomes.
This is the fifth national scientific survey of the prevalence and nature of abusive conduct in the American workplace commissioned by the Workplace Bullying Institute and run by pollster Zogby Analytics. The prevalence rate of direct experience rose by half to 30% of adult Americans compared to the last sampling in 2017. The 2021 survey followed a year in which the number of remote workers exploded due to COVID; the bullying rate for that population was 43.2%. While #MeToo raises alarm over workplace sexual harassment, employment law and public attention ignore workplace bullying which, according to this survey, affects 79.3 million U.S. workers through direct and vicarious experiences.
This study will provide a description of the nature and distribution of incivility experiences and aggressive/hostile incidents experienced by nurses during the course of a work week. Quantitative and qualitative data from close-in-time incident reports and end-of-day daily experience surveys are used to characterize the frequency, characteristics and sources of incivility and aggression as well as the nature of incidents that comprise the experiences reported during the study period.
This study uses past participatory data in order to investigate how the mental health, and specifically depressive symptoms, of corrections workers is impacted by perceived workplace discrimination (PWD) from peers, superiors, and inmates. Due to the changing sociodemographic makeup of the corrections workforce and its paramilitary structure, this project will then discuss how belonging to a minority group within the field of corrections (ie. women and people of color) or being less tenured on the job moderates the relationship between PWD and depressive symptoms. This study found a significant positive association between PWD and depressive symptoms and that for those who had less job tenure, there was a stronger relationship between PWD and depressive symptoms. As diversity continues to increase in corrections, these findings can be used to develop interventions to reduce mental health disparities experienced by this population and illustrates a need for more programs that target less tenured employees.
This study investigates the role of psychological capital as a buffer of the effect of adverse childhood experiences (ACE) on subjective well-being and job burnout. We used a sample of 359 workers from a public organization in Puerto Rico to test the effect of ACE on job burnout through subjective wellbeing and to examine the moderating role of psychological capital in this indirect effect. Results showed that ACE have a negative effect on job burnout through subjective well-being. The conditional process analysis showed a significant moderated mediation in which the effect of ACE on burnout via subjective well-being is not significant at higher levels of psychological capital. This study provides empirical evidence for the potential of psychological capital interventions to mitigate the effect of ACE on subjective and work-related well-being.
Empirical work showed that organizational dehumanization deleteriously affects employees’ well-being and attitudes. However, it is currently unclear whether these detrimental consequences are limited to focal employees who perceive organizational dehumanization, or whether lower-level employees may also be impacted. Using matched supervisor-subordinate data, our research indicates that supervisors experiencing organizational dehumanization exhibit more undermining behaviors toward their subordinate who, in turn, report poorer well-being and negative attitudes. By doing so, our research extends prior work by highlighting for the first time the trickle-down effects of OD.
Using data from a public Institution, we analysed the effect of customer incivility on burnout and how trust and organisational justice mediate and moderate this relationship. At lower levels, justice moderated the association between incivility and trust; and of incivility on burnout (three of four dimensions) via trust. By not being perceived as fair, organisations risk having employees that- exposed to customer incivility- experience greater consequences on their well-being.