Labor unions, worker health & safety advocacy group are in a unique position to address the risks of psychosocial work hazards and to implement enforceable work organization improvements. However, many of these efforts go without evaluation by occupational health researchers. We will show how the tools and resources developed by the Healthy Work Campaign, including the online Healthy Work Survey, can be used by labor organizations to better assess harmful work organization/stressors and evaluate improvements they make.
The purpose of this register-based study was to investigate associations between different trajectories of occupational complexity across work life and late-life dependency among participants aged 70 and older. The results from this study indicate that working conditions early in the career should be targeted for intervention by increasing the level of occupational complexity, as it may have cumulative positive effects across the work life for late-life dependency.
Despite some findings that e-mail use can lead to symptoms of burnout and the experience of work-family conflict, no studies have addressed the relationship between e-mail as a source of stress and both burnout symptoms and work-family conflict. Additionally, no previous research has tested the mediation effect of work-family conflict in the relationship between e-mail as a source of stress and burnout symptoms. We conducted a cross-sectional study, in which 389 employees from a multinational company responded to an online survey. Our results provide evidence to consider that e-mail as a source of stress is likely to cause a conflict between an individual?s work and family domains, which by its turn, will lead to the experience of burnout symptoms.
This study investigates the role of psychological capital as a buffer of the effect of adverse childhood experiences (ACE) on subjective well-being and job burnout. We used a sample of 359 workers from a public organization in Puerto Rico to test the effect of ACE on job burnout through subjective wellbeing and to examine the moderating role of psychological capital in this indirect effect. Results showed that ACE have a negative effect on job burnout through subjective well-being. The conditional process analysis showed a significant moderated mediation in which the effect of ACE on burnout via subjective well-being is not significant at higher levels of psychological capital. This study provides empirical evidence for the potential of psychological capital interventions to mitigate the effect of ACE on subjective and work-related well-being.
This study used a daily diary approach to survey employees in a variety of organizations for a total of 5 days on their barriers and facilitators to nutrition and exercise behaviors, as well as several health choice and work-related outcomes. It found that the number of barriers and facilitators reported on a given day were related to the specific health behaviors of diet and exercise, and that some types of barriers/facilitators did also relate work performance, well-being, and stress. This has implications for how organizations can promote healthy eating and exercise choices for employees that wish to make these choices by removing the barriers in their work environment and create factors that facilitate them.
Based on a heterogeneous sample of employees in Switzerland, the current study primarily aims to understand how the disruptions caused by the COVID-19 pandemic reflect in important aspects of the working life, such as income, workload, or working conditions. Subsequently, we seek to inspect whether the type of experienced changes in the quality of the working life are linked to employees? socio-demographic situation and social support available at their workplace, thereby unraveling potential risk and protective factors.
The objective of this study (to be completed by July 2021) is to assess the relationship between work demands and burnout among applied behavior analysis (ABA) practitioners, along with the moderating role of professional social support and psychological flexibility. This study extends previous burnout research within this professional demographic to understand how work demands may have changed for ABA practitioners in response to the COVID-19 pandemic. ABA practitioners are at higher risk of burnout due to characteristics of their work, and workloads for ABA practitioners are expected to be heavier during the COVID-19 pandemic, which may intensify physical and mental exhaustion. The study used a non-experimental design, and a link to a web-based survey was disseminated.
Two methods of assessing well-being were compared. Psychological well-being was appraised by standardised questionnaires and physical well-being was established by a MAS recording mobility, loads of joints during activity of machining and assembling workers. The analysis of raw data showed some difficulties in comparing it and the results were not fully convergent. In the presented study psychological well-being was on the average level while physical well-being was high. It makes the general well-being hard to establish. However practical implications from this study are comprehensive, and may be useful in many areas in the organisation including HR, H&S and ergonomics.
We aim to describe our work on the Healthy Work Design and Well-being (HWD) Cross-Sector Council of the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health to identify current gaps in the National Occupational Research Agenda (NORA) pertaining to chronic conditions in the workplace and describe action plans to address these gaps. We focus on five primary areas for expansion. We propose short-term, mid-term and long-term outputs to carry out the expansion process. This works is a timely Mid-Decade Expansion to the National Occupational Research Agenda 2012-2026.
Due to an ongoing nursing shortage within the United States, there are numerous healthcare facilities that understaffed, in which understaffed work environments have numerous consequences for both nurses and patients. The purpose of this study is to examine burnout as a linking mechanism between perceptions of understaffing and both occupational and organizational turnover intentions among nurses. Further, forms of support (organizational support and coworker support) are examined as potential buffers for the relationship between understaffing and burnout. The study sample consists of 365 full-time nurses, simple mediation analyses will be conducted to determine if burnout is the linking mechanism between understaffing and both forms of turnover intentions, and moderated mediation analyses will be conducted to determine if organizational and/or coworker support buffer the relationship between understaffing and burnout.