In keeping with the calls to expand both types of life domain conflict and health behaviors examined, the current study examined the relationship between work-family-school conflict and participation in multiple health behaviors among employed students, and the moderating effects of individual-level traits and organizational characteristics. Using a daily diary design with self-report surveys and objective actigraph data, we found work-family-school conflict was associated with participation in multiple health behaviors on the daily level. Individual traits, such as time management skills, proactive personality, and coping, moderated the relationships between work-family-school conflict and both exercise and sleep. Organizational characteristics, such as workplace health climate, family supportive supervisor behaviors, moderated the relationship between work-family-school conflict and exercise. The current study provides theoretical and practical implications, and allows the groundwork for future intervention-based research.
As the commute is the transition phase between work and home, this study examined whether one?s work/home boundary management contributes to whether they suffer versus benefit from their commute home from work. Using a daily diary design, this study showed that maintaining a weak family-to-work boundary hinders in-commute recovery from work and points to affective rumination during the commute home as the linking mechanism. These findings suggest that a stronger work/home boundary facilitates recovery from work during the commute home and protects commuters from harmful outcomes stemming from affective rumination.
The study purpose is to examine individual and relational contributions to an entrepreneur?s perception of their spouse?s commitment to a new business venture one year after its creation. Hobfoll?s Conservation of Resources theory of stress was the theoretical grounding for the study of 73 entrepreneurs and their spouses. Whether a spouse was involved in the new venture prior to its launching, whether the spouse perceived the new venture to be a positive influence on their couple relationship, and an entrepreneur?s positive global affect one year after the launch predicted the entrepreneur?s perception of spousal commitment to the new venture one year after its launch. Spousal involvement had the strongest influence on entrepreneur?s perception of spousal commitment followed by spousal expectation of the business on their couple relationship and entrepreneur?s global affect.
COVID-19 has taught us a great deal about employees? basic needs and the importance of addressing these needs during and after COVID. A ?hybrid? work arrangement has emerged as the strategic choice for businesses to address employees? concerns about returning to the workplace and maintaining their autonomy regarding when and where they work. This study evaluates the degree to which workplace designs under a hybrid work arrangement promote employee health, well-being, and productivity, and offers recommendations for improvement.
This study proposed and found that student workers? financial stress can indirectly relate to their enactment of COVID-19 safety behaviors via risk perception of COVID-19. Work-school conflict can further weaken the positive effect of financial stress on student workers? risk perception of COVID-19, lowering their enactment of COVID-19 safety behaviors. Our results highlight that financial stress and work-school conflict among student workers play consequential roles in their COVID-19 related risk perception and safety guideline compliance.
This study explored whether the urge to respond to work-based messages rapidly (i.e., workplace telepressure) is related to different self-reported performance behaviors in addition to employee well-being, and whether low workload alters the effects of workplace telepressure on performance and well-being. The results suggest that workplace telepressure had well-being costs (work fatigue, sleep problems, and poor satisfaction with work-life balance) with mixed benefits to performance. (organizational citizenship only). Telepressure was unrelated to in-role performance behavior, but predicted higher levels of both organizational citizenship behavior and counterproductive work behavior. The effects of workplace telepressure on performance and well-being outcomes did not change based on employee levels of workload, although the links between telepressure and some outcomes (satisfaction with work-life balance and counterproductive work behavior) were nonsignificant when accounting for workload in the predictive model.
Despite some findings that e-mail use can lead to symptoms of burnout and the experience of work-family conflict, no studies have addressed the relationship between e-mail as a source of stress and both burnout symptoms and work-family conflict. Additionally, no previous research has tested the mediation effect of work-family conflict in the relationship between e-mail as a source of stress and burnout symptoms. We conducted a cross-sectional study, in which 389 employees from a multinational company responded to an online survey. Our results provide evidence to consider that e-mail as a source of stress is likely to cause a conflict between an individual?s work and family domains, which by its turn, will lead to the experience of burnout symptoms.
In this study conducted in a mixed population of non-clinical and clinical healthcare staff, we examined the association of depression with preventable work environment factors using a novel mediation analysis approach. We found that emotional labor (SaEL), emotional exhaustion, job strain, and work family interference were positively associated with depression while perceived organizational support for safety and work role functioning were negatively associated. The association between emotional labor and depression was strongly mediated through emotional exhaustion. These findings suggest that interventions regarding SaEL are needed for HCWs in order to reduce emotional exhaustion and consequently decrease the risk of depression. Further longitudinal studies are needed to verify these associations.
The purpose of this study was to examine how the work-nonwork interface can influence employees? prosocial behaviors at work while exploring the underlying mechanisms and boundary conditions. Data was collected from 129 full-time employees over three waves with a six week lag in between. All hypotheses were supported with the exception of the moderating role of FSSB.
This study uses a daily diary methodology to examine the relationship between time spent in leisure and work-family (WF) outcomes (both WF conflict and WF balance) as mediated by subjective well-being (stress, positive affect, negative affect). We study these relationships within day, cross-lagged from one day to the next, and using weekly retrospective estimates of all measures. Results were differentially supported for all measurement periods, with the most consistent effects for leisure to WF conflict, but less support for the mediation of SWB in daily analyses. Results will be discussed in light of temporal nature of WF experiences.