A primary objective of the present study is to demonstrate the feasibility of a protocol for detailed and continuous assessment of physiological signals among nurses using a wearable physiological sensor system along with event-contingent experience sampling of critical incidents. Twelve registered nurses (N=12) in a university hospital emergency department wore noninvasive wearable sensors continuously for seven consecutive days and logged the occurrence of workplace violence incidents. The ability to objectively quantify stress responses over the course of the workday could serve as a valuable tool in planning Total Worker Health? interventions.
This study investigates the role of psychological capital as a buffer of the effect of adverse childhood experiences (ACE) on subjective well-being and job burnout. We used a sample of 359 workers from a public organization in Puerto Rico to test the effect of ACE on job burnout through subjective wellbeing and to examine the moderating role of psychological capital in this indirect effect. Results showed that ACE have a negative effect on job burnout through subjective well-being. The conditional process analysis showed a significant moderated mediation in which the effect of ACE on burnout via subjective well-being is not significant at higher levels of psychological capital. This study provides empirical evidence for the potential of psychological capital interventions to mitigate the effect of ACE on subjective and work-related well-being.
Our current examination of workplace mistreatment literature is conducted on a secondary level to identify trends and concerns across multiple research streams and unique to specific forms of mistreatment. The current work addresses these commonalities and unique concerns by identifying a holistic framework of workplace aggression, including immediate factors surrounding mistreatment, lenses through which the phenomena can be examined, and secondary-level categories for mistreatment influences (e.g., antecedents, outcomes). This framework was constructed through a thorough review and coding of 31 meta-analyses, qualitative reviews, and book chapters. The identified second-level categories of influences and outcomes of mistreatment may be practically useful for organizations when examining relationships and desired outcomes for workers, while the identified patterns of commonality in mistreatment research (e.g., prevalence of target perspective) highlight opportunities for future research (e.g., perpetrator perspective).