The Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health Center for Work, Health, & Well-being is a NIOSH Total Worker Health? Center of Excellence. Its mission is to protect and promote the safety, health, and well-being of workers through integrated workplace policies, programs, and practices that foster safe and healthy conditions of work. Building on its systems-level conceptual model centered on the conditions of work, the Center has expanded this model to include employment & labor patterns and the social/political/economic environment. The Center?s three unifying themes, informed by our conceptual model, provide a framework for setting priorities to ensure that our research and dissemination efforts make a difference in improving the conditions of work.
The University of Illinois Chicago Center for Healthy Work (CHW) is a NIOSH-funded Center for Excellence for Total Worker Health? (TWH) that implements participatory action research by engaging communities to understand how precarious work impacts residents, building the skills of public health and labor to collaboratively identify pathways to healthy work, and working with local leaders to leverage resources to implement TWH initiatives. The CHW utilizes PAR through the Greater Lawndale Healthy Work project and Healthy Communities through Healthy Work to embrace social justice and health equity as a research orientation that is better suited to addressing complex health issues, like precarious work and OSH disparities, through TWH.
The purpose of the Center for Health, Work & Environment (CHWE) Center of Excellence in Total Worker Health (TWH) is to advance the overall safety, health, and well-being of workers through transdisciplinary research, effective interventions, outreach and communications, education/training, and rigorous evaluation that inform improvements in all of the above. CHWE addresses the need for research on Total Worker Health intervention strategies, focusing on the large number of workers and workplaces at highest risk of occupational fatality, injury, and illness. Specifically, CHWE research will build on the team?s experience in creating innovative TWH interventions and practical outreach tools for small businesses, the education industry, and other high-risk sectors such as agriculture.
The 2020 Summer and Fall Styles surveys asked whether currently employed adult respondents who reported working outside the home were able to take sick leave from work. We measured sick leave availability among respondents working outside the home in both surveys by total population and the subset of those diagnosed with COVID-19. Between Summer and Fall 2020, the proportion of people working outside of the home with access to paid sick leave decreased significantly.
For the overall population health, it is necessary to understand the long-term health effects of COVID-19 exposure. We clarified whether workplace infection-control against COVID-19 and clustering of unhealthy lifestyle behaviors exert interactive effects on SRH among Japanese workers. We find that the risk of poor SRH was higher when people were exposed to insufficient workplace infection-control combined with a cluster of unhealthy lifestyle behaviors.
Researchers have studied loneliness as a modern health epidemic leading to myriad negative health effects, yet the literature lacks evidence of loneliness? antecedents and consequences in the context of the workplace. Utilizing samples from state corrections supervisors (Sample 1) and the general working population (Sample 2), we found that loneliness at least partially explains the relationship between incivility and individual mental health (emotional exhaustion, depression, and anxiety) and organizationally relevant (increased turnover intentions, decreased job satisfaction, increased health-related absenteeism, and lower job performance) outcomes, and that workgroup civility norms appear to moderate the relationship between incivility and outcomes. Results of this study point to the importance of future research on workplace loneliness interventions.
The poster abstract is a description of the Oregon Healthy Workforce Center, a NIOSH Total Worker Health Center of Excellence.
The vision of the Healthier Workforce Center of the Midwest is to create a safe, healthy, and productive workforce through basic and applied research, participatory approaches, and theory driven education and translation activities. The HWC is a collaboration which includes the University of Iowa, Washington University in St. Louis, the University of Kansas Medical Center, WorkWell KS, and two NIOSH Total Worker Health? Affiliates (the Nebraska Safety Council and the St. Louis Area Business Health Coalition).
The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) Healthy Work Design and Well-Being (HWD) National Occupational Research Agenda (NORA) Program seeks to improve the design of work, work environments, management practices, and organizational policies in order to advance worker safety, health, and well-being. The HWD Program partners with industry, labor, trade associations, professional organizations, and academia to address HWD needs. This poster describes how the program and its partners address outcomes of interest under the umbrella of safety, health, and well-being including but not limited to traditional injury and illness; depression, anxiety, suicide, PTSD; substance abuse, and cognitive impairment; metabolic disorders, and sleep disorders; and well-being (quality of life, hedonic, and evaluative well-being).
The Center for the Promotion of Health in the New England Workplace (CPH-NEW) is a Total Worker Health Center for Excellence that was first developed in 2006. The Center comprises cross-disciplinary researchers from the University of Connecticut (Health Center and Storrs campuses) and the University the University of Massachusetts (Lowell campus). Primary projects of the research core include two large, multi-phase intervention studies (SHIFT II healthcare study and Total Teacher Health public school study) and a 2-year exploratory study to develop organizational and educational approaches that imbed TWH concepts into employer crisis planning and preparedness. The outreach core (TWH r2p Hub) translates research knowledge and lessons generated through implementation materials and programs designed to improve the adoption of TWH in real-world employment settings. Features of CPH-NEW include a common core interest in developing participatory and worker empowerment approaches; continuous improvement of HWPP tools and guidance to users; a focus on mental health and well-being in addition to physical health; and prioritizing research and outreach with essential public sector workers.