The study purpose is to examine individual and relational contributions to an entrepreneur?s perception of their spouse?s commitment to a new business venture one year after its creation. Hobfoll?s Conservation of Resources theory of stress was the theoretical grounding for the study of 73 entrepreneurs and their spouses. Whether a spouse was involved in the new venture prior to its launching, whether the spouse perceived the new venture to be a positive influence on their couple relationship, and an entrepreneur?s positive global affect one year after the launch predicted the entrepreneur?s perception of spousal commitment to the new venture one year after its launch. Spousal involvement had the strongest influence on entrepreneur?s perception of spousal commitment followed by spousal expectation of the business on their couple relationship and entrepreneur?s global affect.
This study proposed and found that student workers? financial stress can indirectly relate to their enactment of COVID-19 safety behaviors via risk perception of COVID-19. Work-school conflict can further weaken the positive effect of financial stress on student workers? risk perception of COVID-19, lowering their enactment of COVID-19 safety behaviors. Our results highlight that financial stress and work-school conflict among student workers play consequential roles in their COVID-19 related risk perception and safety guideline compliance.
In this study conducted in a mixed population of non-clinical and clinical healthcare staff, we examined the association of depression with preventable work environment factors using a novel mediation analysis approach. We found that emotional labor (SaEL), emotional exhaustion, job strain, and work family interference were positively associated with depression while perceived organizational support for safety and work role functioning were negatively associated. The association between emotional labor and depression was strongly mediated through emotional exhaustion. These findings suggest that interventions regarding SaEL are needed for HCWs in order to reduce emotional exhaustion and consequently decrease the risk of depression. Further longitudinal studies are needed to verify these associations.
Since the onset of the COVID-19 pandemic, there has been a sharp increase in anti-Asian discrimination and violence in the United States. The current study examines the effects of personal and vicarious exposure to anti-Asian sentiments on the well-being of Asian American employees, finding that both impacted Asian American employees? physical, mental, and job-related well-being. We further found that coworker support buffered employees against the harm of personal discrimination. Results underscore the need for organizations to consider how their Asian American employees may be uniquely impacted by the COVID-19 pandemic and to take actions to proactively support this employee population.
We analyzed publicly available self-report data from Wave IV of The National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health (Add Health) to examine how the experience of childhood psychological maltreatment impacts work-family conflict throughout adulthood. We chose to look at psychological maltreatment because it is a commonly reported form of trauma that can impede a child?s ability to develop both personal resources, such as mastery and perceived constraint, as well as social resources such as spousal support, that help an individual successfully manage work and family roles. While the results of our path analysis to test the indirect effect of psychological maltreatment on work-family conflict through mastery, perceived constraint, and spousal support were not significant, we did find significant negative associations between childhood psychological maltreatment and mastery and spouse support, and significant positive associations between childhood psychological maltreatment and perceived constraint and family-to-work conflict. Altogether, our findings indicate the childhood psychological maltreatment is associated with the availability of personal and social resources that are imperative for managing work and family roles, as well as family-to-work conflict itself.
Despite the majority of time spent with family after retirement, a paucity of studies has examined the impact of family factors on retirees? well-being. Using a sample of retirees (N = 1,522) from the Health and Retirement Survey (HRS), the current study showed retirees whose spouse is also retired showed higher family satisfaction compared with retirees whose spouse is not yet retired. Also, participants, who consider that time spent with their spouse is enjoyable and that they are close with their spouse, showed higher life and family satisfaction and health. The present study suggests the importance of family factors such as marital quality and spousal retirement status in retirees? well-being.