The mission of the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) Center for Workers’ Compensation Studies (CWCS) is to maximize the use of workers’ compensation (WC) claims data and systems to improve workplace safety and health through partnerships. This poster presentation will describe recent and ongoing CWCS surveillance and research studies to achieve several key goals (see https://www.cdc.gov/niosh/topics/workercomp/cwcs/publications.html).
The vision of the Healthier Workforce Center of the Midwest is to create a safe, healthy, and productive workforce through basic and applied research, participatory approaches, and theory driven education and translation activities. The HWC is a collaboration which includes the University of Iowa, Washington University in St. Louis, the University of Kansas Medical Center, WorkWell KS, and two NIOSH Total Worker Health? Affiliates (the Nebraska Safety Council and the St. Louis Area Business Health Coalition).
The NIOSH Agriculture, Forestry, and Fishing Program (AgFF) provides leadership and coordination between intra- and extramural efforts nationwide to prevent work-related injuries and illnesses among the nation?s agricultural, forestry, and fishing workers (AgFF). AgFF workers are exposed to high-risk, unpredictable environments, as well as long hours and shift work. Likewise, the majority of AgFF workers are in non-standard work arrangements, and unlike many sectors, most AgFF workers are specifically exempted in many regulatory policies regarding minimum wage, overtime, maximum hours per shift, child labor, and health and safety enforcement. This poster will highlight the NIOSH AgFF Program?s recent and future research, training, and outreach initiatives related to mental health and stress, sleep deprivation and fatigue, aging, workplace violence, non-standard work arrangements, and health equity in order to improve the overall health of all AgFF workers.
Extensive research has been conducted by NIOSH and others on the safety of robots since they were first introduced to workplaces more than 40 years ago. However, this research focused on traditional robots that were isolated from human workers using guards, cages, or other controls. As robots have become more advanced, interactions with humans have become more common, and new ways of assessing and controlling the hazards associated with a robotic workplace are needed. The Center for Occupational Robotics Research (CORR) was established in 2017 as a virtual center within the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) to work in partnership with other federal agencies, academic researchers, employers, and others to conduct research and disseminate guidance on the safety and health concerns of working around robots.
In this presentation we will review our experience with implementing a program of virtual medical group visits for stress management through an on-site employer-based clinic. We will data demonstrating that this program is feasibility and acceptability to patients. While efficacy data is preliminary, it is suggestive that this kind of program can be effective in reducing symptoms of depression and anxiety in workers. Finally, we will discuss the unique aspects of on-site health care with respect to implementation of this program.
This research aims at investigating the mediating effect that emotional exhaustion has on the relationship between, work organization conditions, human resource management (HRM) practices, and job performance during the COVID-19. It also aims at analyzing the moderating effect of organizational communication in the relationship between work organization conditions, HRM practices, emotional exhaustion, and job performance.
This study details the creation and initial testing of a training program designed to teach college students about recovery experiences and the importance of psychological detachment and boundary management tactics which can help people manage occupational stress. We created a 90 minute training program for undergraduate business students. The results showed significant improvements in participants’ trained knowledge and an increase in psychological detachment over time. This research suggests that training aimed at enhancing knowledge of recovery and skill in the use of boundary management tactics can be beneficial for college students and should possibly be modified and tested in other populations.
In this presentation of a portion of the data collected from a longitudinal study of healthcare workers, we provide evidence for the reliability and sensitivity for short-form versions of numerous established measures of resilience-related individual differences and psychological health and well-being. By comparing averages of shortened scales from multiple timepoints to the full scale used during a baseline survey, we demonstrate the utility of short-form scales in both capturing constructs and retaining participant engagement. In addition, we analyze changes in these scale scores with changes in seven-day COVID hospitalization averages. Ultimately, we hope this information will guide future researchers in ways to shorten survey length while maintaining rich data to help ensure adequate participation in their efforts.
Using a sample of 3,454 education staff members, we subjected the Occupational Depression Inventory (ODI), a recently developed instrument designed to assess depressive symptoms that individuals specifically attribute to their job, to a Mokken scale analysis (MSA), a method anchored in nonparametric Item Response Theory. MSA revealed that the ODI?s scalability was strong, no monotonicity violations were detected, invariant item ordering was satisfactory, and total score reliability was excellent. The ODI?s suicidal ideation item acted as a sentinel item–its endorsement signaled that the endorser likely had a host of other symptoms. Our findings indicate that because ODI items order individuals, and individuals order ODI items, accurately, occupational health specialists can confidently employ the ODI to examine work-attributed depressive symptoms.
The knee-jerk reaction that all single-item measures in some respect imply a weak research design is counterproductive, and serves to limit advancements in the organizational sciences. Beyond providing an off-the-shelf compendium of single-item measures for scholars and practitioners we demonstrate that 82% (75 of the 91) single-item measures under consideration in our program of research demonstrated very good or extensive validity, evidencing moderate to high content validity, no usability concerns, moderate to high test-retest reliability, and extensive criterion validity.