The Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health Center for Work, Health, & Well-being is a NIOSH Total Worker Health? Center of Excellence. Its mission is to protect and promote the safety, health, and well-being of workers through integrated workplace policies, programs, and practices that foster safe and healthy conditions of work. Building on its systems-level conceptual model centered on the conditions of work, the Center has expanded this model to include employment & labor patterns and the social/political/economic environment. The Center?s three unifying themes, informed by our conceptual model, provide a framework for setting priorities to ensure that our research and dissemination efforts make a difference in improving the conditions of work.
As the commute is the transition phase between work and home, this study examined whether one?s work/home boundary management contributes to whether they suffer versus benefit from their commute home from work. Using a daily diary design, this study showed that maintaining a weak family-to-work boundary hinders in-commute recovery from work and points to affective rumination during the commute home as the linking mechanism. These findings suggest that a stronger work/home boundary facilitates recovery from work during the commute home and protects commuters from harmful outcomes stemming from affective rumination.
If social support is one of the most frequently mentioned factors in order to promote well-being among teachers (Chi et al., 2014; Liu et al., 2016), only a few further develop this concept and its attributes in this context. Hence, we have led a qualitative research to study social support in a collective activity designed and conducted to promote the well-being of teachers. Eight second language teachers participated in this qualitative multi-case study. They were working in a Greater Montreal high school and they were participating to a discussion group created and led to promote their well-being at work. Eight sessions of two hours were led by their workplace. This study adds to our understanding of how social support is linked to well-being and provides guidelines for developing good practices that can be implemented in a school context.
This mixed-methods case study analysis investigates employees? perceptions of their organization?s COVID-19 response, and seeks to examine how these perceptions relate to the organization?s safety culture. Qualitative and quantitative archival survey data collected from one large freight-carrying railroad with sites across the U.S. was utilized to conduct analyses. The top five themes extracted from a bottom-up qualitative analysis of employees? open-ended responses about their organization?s COVID-19 response are presented and discussed (n = 196). Initial quantitative analyses that examine these responses in relation to employees? perceptions of their organization?s safety culture suggest that an organization?s existing safety culture may relate to its handling of the pandemic; a finding that bolsters existing literature on the many benefits of a strong organizational safety culture. Additional analyses are currently being conducted to further explore how the top five themes that emerged from open-ended comments relate to more-specific indicators of safety culture. In this way, we may be able to more finely-tune the practical implications of this work.
The purpose of the current study was to investigate how stigma related to sources of help-seeking among firefighters. Over 2,000 firefighters across the United States and Canada completed an anonymous online survey including questions about stigma regarding mental health care and sources of help-seeking. Firefighters who reported stigma would prevent them from using behavioral health services were less likely to report that they would seek help from Department or Union EAP/MAP services, coworkers, and officers.
Extensive research has been conducted by NIOSH and others on the safety of robots since they were first introduced to workplaces more than 40 years ago. However, this research focused on traditional robots that were isolated from human workers using guards, cages, or other controls. As robots have become more advanced, interactions with humans have become more common, and new ways of assessing and controlling the hazards associated with a robotic workplace are needed. The Center for Occupational Robotics Research (CORR) was established in 2017 as a virtual center within the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) to work in partnership with other federal agencies, academic researchers, employers, and others to conduct research and disseminate guidance on the safety and health concerns of working around robots.
A primary objective of the present study is to demonstrate the feasibility of a protocol for detailed and continuous assessment of physiological signals among nurses using a wearable physiological sensor system along with event-contingent experience sampling of critical incidents. Twelve registered nurses (N=12) in a university hospital emergency department wore noninvasive wearable sensors continuously for seven consecutive days and logged the occurrence of workplace violence incidents. The ability to objectively quantify stress responses over the course of the workday could serve as a valuable tool in planning Total Worker Health? interventions.
Researchers have studied loneliness as a modern health epidemic leading to myriad negative health effects, yet the literature lacks evidence of loneliness? antecedents and consequences in the context of the workplace. Utilizing samples from state corrections supervisors (Sample 1) and the general working population (Sample 2), we found that loneliness at least partially explains the relationship between incivility and individual mental health (emotional exhaustion, depression, and anxiety) and organizationally relevant (increased turnover intentions, decreased job satisfaction, increased health-related absenteeism, and lower job performance) outcomes, and that workgroup civility norms appear to moderate the relationship between incivility and outcomes. Results of this study point to the importance of future research on workplace loneliness interventions.
It is important to promote positive quality of work life for employees, particularly in industries with challenges for employee health and safety. The present study uses Indeed.com Work Happiness Scores as an indicator of healthy work design for Central Florida Hotels. Results highlight the importance of promoting positive psychosocial work features for employees through healthy work design.
In keeping with the calls to expand both types of life domain conflict and health behaviors examined, the current study examined the relationship between work-family-school conflict and participation in multiple health behaviors among employed students, and the moderating effects of individual-level traits and organizational characteristics. Using a daily diary design with self-report surveys and objective actigraph data, we found work-family-school conflict was associated with participation in multiple health behaviors on the daily level. Individual traits, such as time management skills, proactive personality, and coping, moderated the relationships between work-family-school conflict and both exercise and sleep. Organizational characteristics, such as workplace health climate, family supportive supervisor behaviors, moderated the relationship between work-family-school conflict and exercise. The current study provides theoretical and practical implications, and allows the groundwork for future intervention-based research.